By Subject Verb Agreement

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Subject-verb agreement is an essential grammatical rule in English that every writer or speaker must understand. This rule governs the relationship between the subject and the verb in a sentence. The subject refers to the person, place, thing, or idea performing the action or being described in a sentence, while the verb denotes the action taken by the subject.

One common error in subject-verb agreement is when the subject and the verb do not match in number. In other words, if the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural. For instance, “She walks to the park” is correct because the subject “she” is singular, and the verb “walks” is singular too. However, “They walks to the park” is incorrect because the subject “they” is plural, but the verb “walks” is singular, which creates a disagreement in number.

Another mistake that writers and speakers make in subject-verb agreement is when an intervening phrase or clause separates the subject and the verb, which can lead to confusion. For example, “The cat, together with its kittens, were sleeping” is incorrect because the subject “cat” is singular, but the verb “were” is plural, which disagrees in number. Instead, the correct sentence would be “The cat, together with its kittens, was sleeping” because the singular subject “cat” requires the singular verb “was.”

Furthermore, some words that seem plural but are singular can also cause errors in subject-verb agreement. For example, “The news are shocking” is incorrect because “news” may appear plural, but it is singular, and the correct sentence should be “The news is shocking.”

In conclusion, correct subject-verb agreement is crucial in effective communication. It ensures that the sentence is grammatically correct and conveys the intended meaning. Therefore, as a writer or speaker, it is essential to pay attention to the number of the subject and the verb and ensure that they agree in number to avoid confusion or ambiguity.